by Dr Pence Dacus
(Church History Correspondence Course)


  • Introduction
  • Doctrines Associated with the Subject of Sin
  • Doctrines Associated with the Lord's Supper
  • Doctrines Associated with the Sacraments of Holy Orders & Marriage
  • Other Catholic Doctrines
  • Student Instructions

  • "I know that after my departing grievous wolves shall enter in among you, not sparing the flock; and from among your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after them. Wherefore watch ye, ..." (Acts 20:29-31)


    In our previous lesson we have examined three basic differences between the Bible and Catholicism: the foundation, the head, and the source of authority. It will be the purpose of this present unit to survey the fundamental doctrines wherein Catholicism and the Bible differ. Roman Catholicism recognizes what they refer to as seven sacraments. First, we will study the sacraments which have to do with sin. Second, we will investigate the sacrament of the Mass. Thirdly, we will consider the two remaining sacraments -- holy orders and marriage. Fourth, we will survey other doctrines of Catholicism.

    In the course on this comparative study, we will also challenge the Roman Church teachings and practices. The challenge is not always upon whether the Bible teaches a subject or not, but rather how the Roman Catholic Church preaches and practices it. Examples are: penance, the Lord's Supper, and baptism which the Bible teaches. It is questioned whether the Roman Catholic Church is following the Bible in their observance of these and other Bible teachings.

    Doctrines Associated with the Subject of Sin

    There are four sacraments which are pertinent to this subject: baptism, confirmation, penance, and extreme unction. Two other doctrines (indulgences and purgatory) are discussed in connection with penance.

    Baptism -- Purpose. Study again Lesson 8.

    Is Baptism a Regeneration?

    * "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved" (Mark 16:16).
    * "Repent, and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost" (Acts 2:38)
    * "... while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is eight souls were saved by water, the like figure where-unto even baptism doth also now save us ..." (I Peter 3:20-21).
    * "In the first place, it is a rite that regenerates man; for Christ tells us that by it a man is born again.
    * Secondly, this regeneration which begins a new life in the soul insures the salvation of the baptized person; for St. Paul tells us that Christ saved us by the laver of regeneration and renovation of the Holy Spirit.
    * Again, baptism not only produces this new life in us, but it kills sin in us, as St. Paul tells us that all who have been baptized are dead to sin". (All references, Matthews, p.73)

    Consider: Does the act of baptism put new life into the sinner or kill sin in us? It is true that baptism stands between the penitent sinner and salvation, and that it brings a remission of past sins, but it does not, in some mysterious way, put new life in us and kill sin in us. We are begotten by the gospel -- not baptism (I Cor. 4:15). When the word of God has worked in changing the mind of a person, the consumating act which changes his relationship to Christ is baptism -- but baptism does not put new life into the sinner. Furthermore, it is the blood of Christ that saves, and baptism, as such, does not save us from sin. Baptism does not do what the Catholic Church would have it do -- in other words regenerate a person -- and even though they deny its intrinsic virtue, (Gibbons, page 227) there is a broad gap between the theory and the practice. The emphasis on "holy water" and such like, further complicates the matter; not that "holy water" is used in baptism, but that the idea is allowed to exist that there is something special and quite mystical about water.

    Is Baptism for "Original Sin"?

    * "... arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins ..." (Acts 22:16)
    * Also see: Acts 2:38 Mark 16:16 I Peter 3:21
    * "Baptism washes away original sin and also actual sins from the adult who may have contracted them." (Gibbons, page 226).
    * "Baptism is a sacrament which cleanses us from original sin 'and' to remind of original sin in which we are born." (Wallace, p.127).

    Consider: Baptism cleanses and is for the remission of sins but not for "original sin". Babies are not born with sin as the theory contends. Infants are not subjects for baptism. Since little babies do not have the capacity to do the things required --faith, repentance and confession -- it can only be adduced that they are not lost. If they were lost and could not do the things that are necessary for them to be saved, as outlined by God, this would mean that they would be damned with no opportunity to be saved. Can one believe this? The baptism which the Catholic Church has inaugurated to take care of the purported "original sins" of little babies is quite a different baptism to the one of the New Testament.

    Special Comments: The doctrine of "original sin" has led to many other ideas as well as practices which are foreign to the New Testament. First there is the assumption; then there are the practices which spring up because of that assumption. What has the doctrine of "original sin" produced? The following statements come from authentic Catholic sources. They represent the official position of the Catholic Church, though one would search the Bible in vain for such statements as these.

    * "No infant should be baptized in its mother's womb so long as there is a possibility of its being born alive.
    * If, in childbirth, the head of the infant emerges, and the infant is in imminent danger of death, it must be baptized on the head.
    * If some other member, such as the hand, emerges, and the infant is in imminent danger of death, it must be baptized on the hand.
    * If a pregnant mother dies, and the foetus is extracted, it should be baptized alive; if there is doubt as to its being alive, it should be baptized conditionally. The priest is instructed to say, "If thou art capable, etc."
    * "All abortions, at whatever period of pregnancy they may occur, should be baptized if they are alive and should be baptized conditionally if there is doubt of their being alive" (All references, Matthews, pp.77-78).

    Catholicism also teaches that an unregenerated child is deprived of the joy of heaven though it is not punished with torments of hell. (Gibbons, p.224).

    Baptism -- Design. Study again Lesson 8.

    Is Baptism by Immersion Only?

    * It is a burial. (Rom. 6:4)
    * It is a planting. (Rom. 6:5)
    * It is a resurrection. (Rom. 6:5)
    * "Baptizo" (Greek word) means immerse. (Any Greek Lexicographer).
    * It can be administered by sprinkling, pouring, or immersion. (Gibbons, page 228).

    Consider: "Immersion continued the prevailing practice till the late Middle Ages in the west; in the East it so remains" (Walker, page 96). The practice of sprinkling grew, as has been suggested from the doctrine of "original sin" and also from the notion of a magical effect of water to cleanse the polluted souls of men. The first case of sprinkling was in 251 A.D. when a sick man, Novation, was baptized in that manner. But many years passed before it was officially adopted by the Catholic Church in 1311 A.D.

    Confirmation The Catholic Church confirms their baptized infants at about the age of seven by allegedly giving them the Holy Spirit.

    Who Bestows the Holy Spirit Upon People?

    * Knows nothing of this practice as a sacrament.
    * Those who obeyed the gospel all receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. (Acts 2:38).
    * God sent the Holy Spirit when and to whom He chooses. (John 14:15-17).
    * "Confirmation is a Sacrament in which, through the imposition of the Bishop's hands, unaction and prayer, baptized persons receive the Holy Ghost, that they may steadfastly profess their faith and lead upright lives." (Gibbons, p.230).
    * Baptism makes babies. Confirmation makes adults." (Matthews p.78)

    Consider: Do Catholic priests have this power? Has it been handed down to them as supposed successors of Peter? Consider these points:

    * Only the apostles had this special power of laying on of hands (See Acts 8:18).
    * The apostles gave this power (to lay hands on people) to no one. If so, why was it not given to Philip, the preacher in Samaria who could work miracles? (Acts 8:6). Study Acts 8:6-20 to see that it was reserved for the apostles only.
    * The apostles were all witnesses of Christ from the days of John the Baptist until Christ' resurrection. (Acts 1:22).
    * "Laying on of hands", therefore, passed on with the death of the last apostle.

    Penance The Catholic Church teaches that their priests have the power to forgive sins of their members. Sin needs to be forgiven but:

    Who Can Forgive Sins?

    * Only God forgives sin:
    * When Simon the Sorcerer sinned, Peter told him to repent and pray to God that he might be forgiven. (Acts 8:22).
    * "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness" (I John 1:9).
    * "Confess therefore your faults one to another ..." (James 5:16).
    * "... who can forgive sins but God only" (Mark 2:7).
    * See also: I Tim. 2:5,6 and I John 2:1
    * "Our Lord's words, therefore give the church power to absolve judicially from sin, and this power necessitates full confession from the penitent." (Matthews, p.96).
    * "It is also at least suggested by our Lord's words that only priests can forgive sins. It is, as we have seen, a judicial power. But no judge can exercise this authority without a definite commission, a commission which any society is given only to qualified officials." (Matthews, p.96).
    * "It follows, first, that the forgiving power was not restricted to the apostles, but extended to their successors in the ministry unto all times and places (Gibbons, p.281).

    Consider: Philip Schaff, a historian with no religious doctrine to support says, "Like the sacrifice of the Mass, the Roman institution of penance is an ecclesiastical invention. The New Testament knows nothing of it. Not until about 1150 was the sacrament feature fully developed. The sudden change from the New Testament idea of forgiveness to the Roman theory of priestly confession and forgiveness is one of the most mysterious transitions in the history of the church. The steps which led to it are obscure. The early post-apostolic writers knew of no confession of sin except to God directly." (Schaff, p.355).

    Question: In what sense did the apostles have the power to forgive sins as John 20:23 teaches? First, note in Acts 8:22 that Peter, an apostle, told a sinner to repent and pray to God forgiveness. Why did not Peter, if he could forgive sin, simply remove them himself? Because he could NOT perform the forgiving act himself -- no apostle could. So, to what extent could the apostles "remit sins"? When they went forth telling the people the conditions which had to be met for the forgiveness of sins, they were, in that sense and only to that extent, remitting and retaining sins. Only God forgives sin, in the literal sense.

    Not only is the doctrine of priests forgiving sins opposed to Bible truth, but there are two other Roman Catholic new teachings which developed out of this doctrine of penance.


    Does a Forgiven Person Need an Indulgence to Remove the Temporal Punishment of Forgiven Sins?

    * No mention in the Bible.
    * What was the temporal punishment placed by Peter upon Simon the Sorcerer? (Acts 8:22).
    Simon was told : Repent! Pray Plus nothing!

    * "An indulgence is a remission granted by the church, of the temporal punishment which often remains due to sin after its guilt has been forgiven." (Matthews, p.98).
    * "An indulgence can never be considered a permission to commit sin, nor ever an encouragement." (Matthews, p.99).

    Consider: Roman Catholicism sometimes insists that indulgences do not give a right to commit sins. That may be an honest opinion, but history holds a contrary view. The words of John Tetzel read, "I can also grant your indulgence so that any sins you may commit hereafter shall all be blotted out" (Howard, p.40). But the question is : Is it needed?

    Argument: It presupposes that the works of Christ's saints are meritorious -- "It (an indulgence) is gained only by one in a state of grace, in virtue of the application of the superabundant merits of Christ and His saints to all the Communion of the Saints." (Conway, p.285). BUT: II Peter 1:3 -- "... his divine power hath granted unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness..." Col. 2:10 -- "and in him ye are made full, who is the head of all..."


    Consider: Many well-meaning and sincere Catholics have not and would not take advantage of the system, as history shows (and human nature remains the same), the system is open for the wicked and the corrupt to exploit to the fullest. It has happened, it is happening, and it will continue to happen. Sincere and honest people are cheated, deceived, and literally robbed of their life-savings to buy a friend or relative out of a place that no one has ever seen, and of which no evidence is given in the Bible to prove its existence.

    God says to Christians who sin -- repent -pray - and I will forgive. That is ALL -- nothing more, nothing less. There is no way this simple plan can be exploited to line the pockets of the greedy.

    Purgatory This is supposed to be a place under the earth where the souls of men are purged through suffering severe torments. It became an article of faith in the Roman Catholic Church at the council of Florence in 1439 A.D.

    Is There a Purgatory?

    * "... it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment" (Heb. 9:27).
    * Those who die in the Lord "rest from their labors" (Rev. 14:13).
    * The blood of Christ cleanses us from all sin. Can the fires of this imaginary place do that which Jesus' blood cannot do?
    * There is no second chance for the sinner. (Luke 16:19-31).
    * The gulf is fixed.
    * The wicked suffer.
    * The righteous are comforted.
    * The Bible knows nothing of THE doctrine of purgatory.
    * "There is a Purgatory : and souls there detained, are helped by the prayers of the faithful, and especially by the acceptable sacrifice of the altar" (Council of Trent).
    * "It is clearly taught in the Old Testament and insinuated in the New Testament". (Gibbons, p.173).
    * "The Catholic church teaches that ... there exists in the next life a middle state of temporary punishment ... She also teaches us that, although the souls consigned to this intermediate state, commonly called purgatory, cannot help themselves, they may be aided by the suffrages of the faithful on earth" (Matthews, p.122).

    Consider: The idea of a "purgatory" was common among pagan religions. (Renwick, p.69).

    Extreme Unction

    Do Christians Need Extreme Unction?

    * Christ does not leave his followers in their dying hour to contend with Satan in their own strength, or in the strength of some oil. (I Peter 1:5). God's power guides us.
    * Paul's confidence in God's power. (II Tim. 1:12).
    * David's confidence in God's power. (Ps. 23:4).
    * Neither this practice, nor the idea is in the Bible.
    * "Extreme Unction is a sacrament in which the sick by the anointing with holy oil and the prayers of the Priests, receive spiritual succor and even corporal strength when such is conducive to salvation". (Gibbons, p.314).

    Consider: James 5:14-15, which is the text of proof for the Catholic Church, does not say what they want it to say, Catholicism says Priest, the Bible says elders (bishops). Catholicism says it is preparation for death, but the Bible says it is to heal the sick. The passage offers no proof for this teaching.

    Doctrines Associated with the Lord's Supper

    There are four dogmas associated with the sacrament of the "Holy Eucharist" : real presence, transubstantiation, sacrifice of the mass, and communion under one kind.

    Real Presence

    Are the Bread and Wine the Literal Body and Blood of Christ?

    * When Christ said, "This is my body" and "This is my blood" (Matt. 26:26-28), he was physically present "outside" of the bread and wine.
    * When Christ said He was a vine (John 15:1) and a door (John 10:9), He did not become a vine and a door literally.
    * The elements are symbolic of Christ's body and blood.
    * "It may be said that, by the middle of the 2nd century, the conception of the real presence of Christ in the supper was widespread". (Walker, p.98).
    * "In this sacrament are present the living body and blood of Christ ..." (Matthews, p.83).

    Consider: Christ's words are obviously figurative, and He speaks of the elements as "symbols" of His body and blood.

    Transubstantiation If Christ is literally present in the elements, when and how is the change made? This introduces the doctrine of transubstantiation.

    Does a Literal Change Take Place?


    Consider: As one writer put it: "This is certainly a mysterious doctrine, hard to understand, because there is nothing like it in all our experience". (Conway, p.255).

    Sacrifice of the Mass "Out of the ideas of transubstantiation and the sacrifice of the supper grew the mass". (Miller, p.15).

    Is the Lord's Supper a Sacrifice of Christ?

    * The Lord's Supper commemorates a "finished" sacrifice. (Luke 22:19).
    * Christ's sacrifice was: once (Heb. 7:26-27) for all. (Heb. 10:10).
    * Repeating Christ's sacrifice is not necessary. (Heb. 9:25-26).
    * Lord's Supper is a remembrance -- not a sacrifice. (I Cor. 11:26).
    * We must not crucify Christ afresh (again). (Heb. 6:6).
    * "... at the same time, it (the Mass) is not a bare commemoration of that other sacrifice since it is also itself a true sacrifice, in the strict sense of the term". (Bishops of England, Vindication of the Bull on Anglican Orders, p.12).
    * The Sacrifice of the Mass is identical with that on the cross, both having the same victim and High Priest -- Jesus Christ". (Matthews, p.89).

    Consider: The Sacrifice of the Mass is a return to the form and ritual of the old Mosaic system. What has been intended to bring greater honor to Christ (by sacrificing Him on the cross) is in essence a denial of His atoning sacrifice once for all.

    In the development of this doctrine, we see again an illustration of how these practices are formed. First, the assumption -- the real presence of Christ, then, what shall we do with His body? The logical thing to do is to make a sacrificial ceremony out of it -- which is what has happened.

    Communion Under One Kind

    May the Partaking of the Wine by the Priests Be a Substitute for the Members?

    * "For as often as ye eat this bread and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come ... But let a man examine himself and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup" (I Cor. 11:26).
    * Both bread and wine by all.
    * Only the priests may take the wine. (Matthews, p.90).
    * Difficulty of reserving the species of wine.
    * Danger of spilling.
    * Inconveniences of Distribution.
    * Rarity of wine in some areas.

    Consider: This practice was a natural evolvement of dogma. If Christ's real blood is in a container and some of it spills out, that would be a disgrace. So, the cup was removed from the common man and the Bible was again disregarded.

    Thus, under the Catholic system, the common man can no longer obey God's word in the matter. His wonderful privilege has been removed.

    Doctrines Associated with the Sacraments of Holy Orders & Marriage

    Holy Orders

    Does the Bible Approve of a Clergy System?

    * The Bible is silent.* "If anyone shall say that order or sacred ordination is not truly and really a sacrament instituted by Christ the Lord, or is only a man-made fiction; invented by men unskilled in ecclesiastical affairs, ... let him be anathema". (Matthews, p.100).

    Consider: Anathma means "cursed" and against such assertions there is no defense. The church does have government, and elders are to oversee its work but there is no Catholic priesthood system authorized nor a sacrament of "Ordination".


    Does the church Have a Right to Legislate in the Marriage of Members?

    * Marriage is honourable. (Heb. 13:4).
    * Marriage is ordained of God.
    * But God has not left the institution of marriage in the hands of the Catholic Church. (See Gen. 2:24 and Matt. 19:6).
    * Speaking of how the practices in the Catholic Church have changed through the years with regard to marriage requirements, Scott says, "But, with the growth of the church and under changed conditions, she modified her legislation regarding Matrimony". (Matthews, p.105).

    Consider: Admit the infallibility of the Catholic Church and you have to admit the sacrament of marriage. She is free to impose whatever legislation she deems advisable, even to the matter of interference in very personal and private matters. But, let this not be confused with Christianity. When men return to the Bible and deny the infallibility of the Roman Catholic Church they expose this doctrine.

    Other Catholic Doctrines

    Mariolatry This doctrine has to do with the worship and adoration of Mary, the earthly mother of Christ. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that she was the mother of God, that she was a perpetual virgin, and that she was conceived, born, and lived without sin.

    Was Mary the Mother of God?

    * The Bible calls her Mary.
    * She had the same weakness of women. (Luke 2:22).
    * Jesus recognized her as a human being. (John 2:3-4).
    * Mary realized Jesus was her Saviour. (Luke 1:47). Therefore, she needed salvation.
    * She is referred to variously as:
    * Blessed Virgin Mary. *
    Our Blessed Mother.
    * Blessed Lady.

    Was Mary a Perpetual Virgin?

    * Mark 6:3 clearly states that Jesus had brothers and sisters.
    * Joseph knew (had sexual relations) "her not till she brought forth her first born son" (Matt. 1:25).
    * Study also Gal. 1:19
    * "It has been the firm and constant belief of the Catholic Church from the beginning that our Blessed Lady remained a spotless virgin to the end ... A virgin before her child-bearing". (Matthews, p.110).

    Was Mary Without Sin?

    * "For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God" (Rom. 3:23).
    * "There is none righteous, no not one" (Rom. 3:10).
    * "We define that the Blessed Virgin Mary ... was preserved free from every stain of original sin". (Gibbons, p.140).
    * She is free "not only from original sin, but also from the slightest actual sin". (Matthews, p.113).

    Worship of Images and Relics

    Are the Images and Relics to be Venerated and Worshipped?

    * "God is spirit and they that worship Him must worship in spirit and in truth" (John 4:24).
    * God has always forbidden the use of images. (Exodus 20:4 and Isaiah 42:8).
    * "The images of Christ, and of His Virgin Mother, and of other Saints, are to be had and retained especially in churches; and a due honour and veneration is to be given them; ... by the images which we kiss ... we adore Christ and venerate His Saints, whose likeness they represent". (Gibbons, p.164).

    Consider: While denying that they worship images, Roman Catholicism nevertheless ascribes to different images of the same personage different attributes, so that they do, after all, make the image the object of worship.

    Worship of Angels

    May One Venerate and Revere Saints and Angels?

    * Dead saints (or anyone else) cannot hear prayer. (Eccl. 9:6).
    * Only one mediator between God and man -- Christ (I Tim. 2:5). (John 14:6).
    * Bible forbids angel worship. (Col. 2:18).
    * Angels are created servants and it would be idolatrous to worship them. (Heb. 1:5-13 and Rev. 22:8-9).
    * Saints are "all inhabitants of heaven. In the strict sense, those who have received the official approval of the Church for public veneration, this approval being given because of the holy and virtuous lives these persons lived on earth and the attestation of God by certified miracles ..." (Matthews, p.106).
    * Catholic priests are told to instruct their members regarding saints who pray for people on earth and to ask them (saints) to pray for them. (Matthews, p.106).

    Special Comment: First, there was the partial reinstallment of the old Jewish sacrificial system with priests, a priesthood, and a continuing sacrifice of Christ. Next there was Christ's real presence in the elements of the Lord's Supper.

    Then another non-Biblical practice started -- exalting individuals, emphasizing the greatness of persons. What were the results? Follow the pattern. Take the example of Peter -- just one of twelve apostles. First, he was elevated to the position, Prince of the Apostles. Next, an image was made which was befitting one in such an exalted position.

    Or, take Mary as another example. The Bible calls her Mary, mother of Jesus. Gradually she was exalted to a high position. She was honoured and venerated above other women, and finally above all women. Next, an image was made which was only right and proper for a person of such great honour.

    Then, there were the apostles. All equal, ordinary men -- then gradually the mantles of greatness settled upon them. Next the images were molded and the process was repeated.


    Ministers of God Required to Remain Unmarried?

    * Marriage is to be had "in honor" (Heb. 13:4).
    * Bishops and deacons marry. (I Tim. 3:2,12).
    * Marriage is a matter of choice with God's ministers. (I Cor. 9:5).
    * Mark of apostate church -- "Forbidding to marry" (I Tim. 4:1-3).
    * Only celibates (the unmarried) may serve as its ministers of religion, the priests.

    Consider The Lord approves of "voluntary" celibacy, but not "required" celibacy. (Matt. 19:12). This is another example of an alleged infallible Roman Catholic Church imposing its will upon its members.

    Instruments of Music in Worship

    Are Instruments of Music Acceptable in Worship?

    * "Speaking to yourselves in psalms, and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord" (Eph. 5:19).*
    * As of 1054 A.D. it was permitted.

    Consider The Bible tells us what kind of music to use -- vocal music. Instrumental music is not mentioned. So, men must respect the silence of the Scriptures.

    Early Christians never used instruments of music. Vitalian I introduced it into the Roman Church in 666 A.D., but there was such a threat of division that it was discontinued temporarily. Later, it was reintroduced over much opposition. When the split between the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox came in 1054 A.D. this was one of the points of disagreement. The Greek Church refused it and still does. It was and always has been a tool of division. The use of instruments of music in Christian worship is not of divine origin, but came from Rome.

    Conclusion: From the foregoing presentation of doctrinal differences in the Bible and Roman Catholicism, one can begin to establish the following facts in his mind:

    * With the addition of many and varied innovations by the Roman Catholic Church, the church of Christ gradually lost its identity.
    * The departure and changes did not come as a result of the personal preference of the common people of the church. It was the legislation and decision in councils of bishops and priests which was pushed upon the common people.
    * Honest and sincere "truth-seekers" will not continue indefinitely under corrupt religious systems which permit their leaders to hold their subjects in fear and ignorance. As the truth is discovered many have, many did, and many will continue to break free of religious bondage and seek the freedom that is "in Christ".

    auricular confession - confession of sins to a priest.
    confirmation - in the Bible it means simply to strengthen and encourage other brethren. For the Roman Catholic Church it is a special sacrament.
    indulgences - opportunity to be relieved of sin.
    meritorius - things done by a person for which he may receive grace.
    purgatory - intermediate place of punishment.
    sacraments - it literally means on oath. The Catholic Church teaches seven of them -- five for the living and two for the dead. A visible sign instituted by Christ by which grace is conveyed to the souls of men.
    total hereditary depravity - completely lost in sin, totally impure by nature.

    Gibbons, J.C., Faith of Our Fathers
    Howard, V.E., Gospel Radio Sermons
    Matthews, Paul, Basic Errors of Catholicism
    Miller, Waymon D., A Survey of Church History
    Renwick, A.M., The Story of the Church
    Schaff, Philip, Our Fathers of Faith and Ours
    Thompson, L.D., Churches of Today
    Walker, Williston, History of the Christian Church
    Wallace, Foy E., Jr., Bulwarks of the Faith, Vol. I

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    I. Put TRUE or FALSE before each of the following statements. (Example: False -- A person should have on indulgence to remove the temporal punishment of forgiven sins.)

    1. The results of Roman Catholic teaching on original sin have generally been bad.

    2. Roman Catholicism teaches that unbaptized babies will be punished in hell.

    3. The Catholic Church has always baptized by sprinkling (which they now practice).

    4. Catholic children are usually confirmed at about age seven.

    5. Roman Catholicism changed the doctrine of baptism largely due to their teaching on original sin.

    6. One outgrowth of the doctrine of auricular confession was the practice of selling indulgences.

    7. The doctrine of indulgences makes the atoning sacrifice of Christ of none affect.

    8. Historical evidence disproves the Catholic claim that indulgences do not give a person the right commit sin.

    9. No one knows the location of purgatory.

    10. Augustine, the founder of the doctrine of purgatory was certain of its existence.

    11. The doctrine of purgatory originated in paganism

    12. Christ abandons His followers just before they die, which is why extreme unction is needed.

    13. The concept of transubstantiation is quite easy to understand.

    14. Christ is sacrificed quite often, according to the Bible.

    15. According to Catholicism only priests are permitted to take the wine at the Lord's Supper because some of it might be spilled, and due to inconvenience of serving it.

    16. A Christian cannot obey God if he does not take the wine at the Lord's Supper.

    17. An infallible church assumes the right to make marriage a sacrament.

    18. Mary had other children after giving birth to Jesus.

    19. One of Jesus' brothers was named James.

    20. Mary had no sin.

    II. Match one of the three classifications below with the correct doctrine by placing the proper letter in the blank to the left.
    A. Sacrament associated with sin
    B. Sacrament not associated with sin
    C. Doctrine other than sacraments

    21. Marriage

    22. Holy orders

    23. Mass

    24. Extreme Unction

    25. Baptism

    26. Indulgences

    27. Purgatory

    29. Image worship

    30. Angel worship

    31. Celibacy

    32. Instruments of music

    33. Confirmation

    34. Penance

    III. Match the Roman Catholic doctrines below with the correct definition by placing the proper letter in the blank to the left.
    A. Holy orders
    B. Mariolatry
    C. Extreme unction
    D. Mass
    E. Indulgences
    F. Confirmation

    35. The Catholic sacrament signifying the bestowal of the Holy Spirit

    36. The Catholic sacrament designed to bless the dying in their hour of need

    37. The Catholic practice of exalting the mother of Jesus

    38. The Catholic sacrament of ordination

    39. The Catholic practice of removing temporal punishment for forgiven sins

    IV. Match one of the two classifications below with the correct statement by placing the proper letter in the blank to the left.
    A. According to the BibleB. According to Roman Catholicism

    40. Baptism produces a new life and kills sins in us.

    41. Baptism saves us, but does not kill sin in us.

    42. There are certain mystical properties in "Holy Water".

    43. By their fruits you shall know them.

    44. Little babies are "born in sin".

    45. Man bestows the Holy Spirit upon a baptized person.

    46. Baptism is not for "original sins".

    47. Baptism is a burial, performed by immersion.

    48. Infants are not lost because they cannot do the things necessary to be saved.

    49. Baptism can be given by sprinkling, pouring, or immersion.

    50. An unsaved child does not go to heaven.

    51. Only God can forgive sins.

    52. Purgatory is a place where the souls of men are purged.

    53. Ministers of God ore permitted to remain unmarried if they desire.

    54. It is alright to use instruments of music in worship.

    55. Extreme unction must be administered to dying persons.

    56. The bread and wine of the Lord's Supper are the literal body and blood of Christ.

    57. The mass is a continuing sacrifice of Christ.

    58. Every one is told to take the wine of the Lord's supper.

    59. The church must have a priesthood, or clergy.

    60. Mary was the mother of God.

    61. Mary remained a virgin until her marriage.

    62. Sainthood should be bestowed upon dead persons who are said to have performed miracles.

    63. In some cases, unborn babies should be baptized conditionally.

    64. It bids men return to the works of the law of Moses for salvation

    65. Men can forgive sin only to the extent that they are able to tell people the conditions for the forgiveness of sins.

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    Your answers will be graded and returned to you through your e-mail address. Thank you for your interest in God's Book. May He bless you in the study of His Word.

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